The Indwelling and the dilemma facing Calvinism
According to Calvinism, a person is just as depraved in the latter days of Revelation as they are in post-Fall Genesis, and that a person is in just as much of a need for an Irresistible Grace in Revelation, as they are in Genesis, and that a person is in just as much of a need for a Persevering Grace in Revelation as they are in Genesis.
Jim from oldtruth.com writes: “I do believe that the John 6:44 drawing goes all the way back to Genesis, as does Christ’s role as savior span backwards to Genesis as well.” (Dialogue on John 6:44 with oldtruth.com, emphasis mine)
In other words, Irresistible Grace has been in full function all the way back since Genesis.
Prior to the resurrection, Jesus mentioned to the thief of the cross next to Him that they will be together that day in “paradise,” presumably Abraham Bosom that Jesus had described in detail at Luke 16:19-31. At the resurrection, the paradise portion of Abraham’s Bosom was carried into Heaven, and then any believer who died from that point onward, went straight into the presence of the Father in Heaven, just as Paul stated, “We are of good courage, I say, and prefer rather to be absent from the body and to be at home with the Lord.” (2nd Corinthians 5:8) No Old Covenant believer could ever say that they went home to be with the Lord. Rather, it was Sheol and the place of the righteous dead while awaiting the time of Christ.
In the Old Covenant, the Holy Spirit is described as coming upon people, moving people, filling people, to strengthen them or to give them words of prophecy to speak, or even the comfort of the Holy Spirit, such as with Samson, Samuel, Saul, David, Jeremiah and the prophets, but not to the extent of the New Covenant believer, since in the New Covenant, you actually have the Holy Spirit taking up residence within the believer (Romans 8:9), and perhaps is best illustrated at 2nd Corinthians 3:16: “Do you not know that you are a temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?” That was never stated of any Old Covenant believer.
In the Old Covenant, notice the difference. Haggai 2:5 states: “As for the promise which I made you when you came out of Egypt, My Spirit is abiding in your midst; do not fear!” In the New Covenant, it’s no longer about the Holy Spirit abiding in your midst, but about God making His abode within each believer, which is where you have the true fulfillment of regeneration, the new birth, the new creation (2nd Corinthians 5:17), the new heart, in terms of all that was promised at Jeremiah 31:27-34 and Ezekiel 36:26. In the Old Covenant, they didn’t yet have that, and they didn’t yet have the Helper, as mentioned from John 16:7, which Jesus said was to the “advantage” of the NC believer: “But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you.” This is the One who takes up residence in the New Covenant believer, and which represents the meat of the New Covenant: “In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation--having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God’s own possession, to the praise of His glory.”
Here are two articles on this topic: